The Iowa Court of Appeals Revisits Basis of Cumulative Injury Claims in the Context of Successive Injuries
- Jun 05, 2019
Legal Update by Attorney Tyler Smith
Gumm v. Easter Seal Society of Iowa, File No. 18-1051 (Iowa, May 15, 2019)
The issue in this case involved whether a claimant, after sustaining a traumatic, acute injury, is allowed to bring a cumulative injury claim with regard to symptoms/injuries to that same body part. The Court of Appeals addressed the two Supreme Court of Iowa cases that have addressed acute-then-cumulative injury claims: Ellingson v. Fleetguard (requiring claimant to show a “distinct and discreet” disability/injury as a result of cumulative work duties) and Floyd v. Quaker Oats (allowing a cumulative injury claim in the certain circumstance where the claimant had not been compensated via an award, volunteered benefits, etc. and doing so was unavailable due to the statute of limitations). In this case, the Court of Appeals reversed and remanded the Commissioner’s finding that the claimant failed to establish a distinct and discreet disability/injury under Ellingson. The Court of Appeals extended/expanded the Floyd case in holding that if a claim relating to the first injury is barred by the statute of limitations (regardless of whether benefits had been paid with regard to the initial acute injury), a cumulative injury claim can be made for the increase in disability brought on by subsequent work duties. Appellees have filed Applications for Further Review.
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